Tax Reform – Who pays more?
Tax Reform proposal, introduced yesterday, has both some pretty big winners and losers. In the first place the bill’s name – Tax Cuts and Jobs Act. Kinda funny. At 429 pages the bill is surprisingly lean. Of course, this kicks off the negotiations with both sides of the aisle and special interest groups.
Who loses more under the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act? Charitable sectors, real estate, big W2 earners, pharma/tech industries, and anyone with college loans. Who wins? Businesses and individuals. Businesses get a 20% tax rate and Pass-through businesses get a 25% tax rate. Families get increased deductions, cutting Alternative Minimum Tax, simpler tax brackets and $10 million estate tax exemption. With this in mind, the Tax Foundation prepared a before/after comparison for individuals.
A few more details about the tax reform bill:
- Pass-through business income would have a maximum tax rate of 25%. Today most businesses create themselves as a partnership, LLC, and/or S-Corp. Business owners’ tax rates are taxed on their individual tax returns and not on the business income. Ouch! The proposed law stops this. Awesome! For this reason, the tax bill implements anti-abuse rates affecting health, law, financial and other professional services. Notwithstanding, they have that to prove income equals business income.
- Many itemized deductions would be cut. The mortgage interest, charitable deductions, and property tax portion of state/local tax deduction (capped at $10,000) would remain. In addition, cutting other deductions (moving, some medical) pays for the lower tax rates.
- People with home mortgage loans over $500,000 do not get to deduct the mortgage interest. Today’s number equals $1 million. Conversely, the bill cuts the mortgage interest deduction for second homes.
- Surprisingly, the tax reform bill increases the estate tax exemption to $10 million. Of course, the estate tax exemption indexed for inflation. After 6 years the estate tax goes away.
The Tax Cut and Jobs Act has something for everyone to hate and enjoy. Let the tax battle begin.